Jerome took part in the failed Russian campaign of 1812, and went into exile upon the fall of Napoleon a year later. In 1815 he fought alongside Napoleon in the battle of Waterloo, and upon this loss once again went into exile as “Duke von Montfort.” He lived in Austria, Italy and Switzerland before his nephew Louis Napoleon appointed him Marshall in 1850. Jerome became a Senator in 1852.
Next- the Stuart portrait of Jerome, why did it remain unfinished? Was Jerome pleased with the portrait? Was Stuart pleased with Jerome?